About Forest District
The Forest District Krzystkowice in Nowogród Bobrzański is one of the three biggest in area forest districts in Poland. It lies in the basin of the Odra, Bóbr and Nysa tributaries and is managed by the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Zielona Góra.
Forests have a favourable impact on climate, air, water, soil, living and health conditions of people as well as on environmental sustainability. Poland belongs to a group of countries with the greatest forest area in Europe. The forest cover of Poland measured as a forest to land area percentage ratio amounts to 29,7%. The average Polish forest timber resources amount to approximately 06 cubic meters per hectare and this figure is almost twice as big as the average for all Europe.
The basic aim of silviculture is preservation and development of the existing forest stands (renewal) and establishing new ones (afforestation) while respecting natural conditions of the environment and natural processes. Silviculture comprises collecting and storing tree seeds, nursery production, restocking, tending and protection of forest stands.
The knowledge of the processes occurring in natural environment as well as regular control of the forest standing allow foresters to make an early diagnosis of any threats that might have a negative impact on a forest condition. Every year they perform activities to ensure forest continuity and to increase its natural resistance to stress factors.
Forest use means using its produce – timber, undergrowth, plants or their parts for the needs of pharmaceutical industry, cutting trees for Christmas trees, fossil fuel excavation and many more. Foresters made forest products available to the community, provided that the methods employed ensure forest continuity and sustainability.
Forests in State Forest Holding are managed in accordance with forest management plans that are made for forest districts for 10 years periods. They are elaborated by specialized institutions, such as Bureau for Forest Management and Geodesy. The plans of forest management, after having been consulted with community, are then approved of by the Minister of Environment.
In forests there live about 60% of 618 vertebra species occurring in Poland. Development of civilization has disturbed the long-time sustainability and the principles ruling forest ecosystems, which has also brought an adverse effect on animals living there. Therefore, animal population is governed by both the Polish and EU law which defines methods of caring for animals as well as the possibilities of reducing forest damage caused by animals.